Gamers' Corner


Stalin: From Patriot to Oppressor

Written by Animus AniKor Saxcian

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Stalin is Born

January 1912, during Iosif's exile, the Bolshevik-Menshevik divide has finally split the Social Democratic Party entirely. At the Prague Conference, the Bolsheviks founded their own party. Lenin was given the power to appoint his own men to the Central Committee; one of the men he selected was Iosif. This choice may have been a testament to the young Koba's impression he had made with the Anti-Menshevik creed and the letters he had sent from exile; however, Lenin showed fault in this decision. Lenin had a limited cache of information on the juvenile Koba, therefore exemplifying the utter atrocity of the Bolshevik ranks. Win news of his selection made its way to Vologda, Iosif made haste to escape. Iosif Returned to St. Petersburg, immediately commenced Marxist activities, including meeting with important figures and writing many articles, particularly Pravda, a newspaper that would later become the official organ of the USSR. Once again, he was detained, this time being sent to Narym. It was here, between 1912 and 1913 that Iosif took the alias 'stalin,. meaning 'steel one.. Although it wasn't official until 1917, history would refer to him as Joseph Stalin from this point. Under his new pseudonym he met with Lenin in Switzerland to collaborate on a theoretical work, Marxism an the National and Colonial Question. Summarized, the work declared that the .Proletarian has no country,. by advocating national self-determination within the Russian Empire. This collaboration marked the first time Lenin and Stalin worked together on anything for any length of time.

In 1913, Stalin was apprehended upon his return from Switzerland. He was shipped off to the quaint village of Kureika, just North of the Article Circle; this would be his last and farthest exile. Stalin and a number of fellow Bolsheviks would remain here until 1916, when Russia entered WWI. Russia was allies with Britain and France, and found itself in a bloody, costly situation. Finally to keep moral and troop reservists, the Russian Empire summoned Stalin and other prisoners to fight (Stalin was rejected due to his weak arm). While the military remained fighting fit, the government was locked in a free fall. Due to Nicholas II and his wife's, Alexandra's, alienation of the people and their reliance in the self proclaimed Holy man, Grigory Rasputin; few were able to withhold faith in the abilities of the Czar. In March 1917, St. Petersburg, renamed Petrograd during the war, suffered from severe food shortages. This sparked protests, and eventually a mutiny by the Czar's own troops. Nicholas abdicated, on the advice of his General, and Provisional Government was erected to assume all authority over Russia. It also vowed to continue all war efforts. This marked the fall of the malevolent autocracy.

Stalin abruptly hurried to the capital to just to find the new government coexisting uneasily with the Soviet, a Marxist-controlled group that claimed to represent Russian workers. Stalin was elected to the, newly legalized, Pravda editorial board, and its first first edition, since its legalization, was printed. Regarding leadership of the Bolshevik faction, their were two candidates that emerged victorious from the brief power struggle; Stalin, and Lev Kamenev. This was despite the disputes over Stalin's uncongenial personality. Anticipating that a reunited Marxist Party could accept and work with in new party borders, Stalin and Kamenev pursued a policy of reconciliation with their former colleagues and fellow Marxists, on the Menshevik dominated Petrograd Soviet . They even attempted to suggest Bolshevik support for the war effort. Lenin, who was unable to leave Switzerland due to the war zone, inexorably inveighed with the fashion in which his underlings were running matters in his absence. Letters from Lenin blatantly and formally denounced the alliance with the Mensheviks and the Provisional Government. In spite of this criticism, Stalin commenced the negotiations for the coalition with the Mensheviks. Nevertheless, in April Lenin returned and reasserted his power, although this was not without any debate. By the time of the April 24th Conferences, the majority of the party -including Stalin-deserted Kamenev, and began to follow Lenin again. At the Conference, Lenin urged the election of his comrade, Joseph Stalin, for a position in the Central Committee.

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